Recommended Links

Dollars for Docs (updated through 2019) . Database of payments to doctors, other medical providers and health care institutions that have been disclosed by 15 pharmaceutical companies since 2009.

Open Payments. Data from 2015 - present. Maintained by US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The Open Payments Search Tool is used to search payments made by drug and medical device companies to physicians, physician assistants, advanced practice nurses and teaching hospitals.

Healthy Skepticism. International organization dedicated to improving health by reducing harm from inappropriate, misleading or unethical marketing of health products or services, especially misleading pharmaceutical promotion.

Integrity in Science Database. Contains names of over 4,000 scientists/associations with industry ties. No longer maintained by CSPI - entries up through 2009.

PharmedOut. A Georgetown University Medical Center project that advances evidence-based prescribing and educates healthcare professionals about pharmaceutical marketing practices.

Public Citizen Health and Safety. Advocates for safer, more effective drugs, medical devices and other products; equitable health care services and more physician accountability.


McHenry L, Jureidini J. On the Proposed Changes to the Credibility Gap in Industry-Supported Biomedical Research: A Critical Evaluation . 2012. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 14(3)156-161. doi:10.1891/1559-4343.14.3.156

Spielmans GI., Parry, PI. From Evidence-based Medicine to Marketing-based Medicine: Evidence from Internal Industry Documents . 2010. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 7(1). doi:10.1007/s11673-010-9208-8.

Special issue: SYMPOSIUM: Institutional corruption and the pharmaceutical industry . 2013. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 41(3).

Selling Sickness Booktivism. A reading list of general audience books about disease mongering, overtreatment, overscreening, overmarketing and overdiagnosis.

Grassley, C. Ghostwriting in Medical Literature. 2010 June 24. United States Senate Committee on Finance, 111th Congress.

Logdberg L. Being the Ghost in the Machine: A Medical Ghostwriter's Personal View. PLoS Med 8(8): e1001071. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001071.

PLoS Medicine Editors. Ghostwriting: The Dirty Little Secret of Medical Publishing That Just Got Bigger. 2009. PLoS Med 6(9): e1000156. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000156.

Give up the Ghosts. 2010 December. Nature 468(7325). doi:10.1038/468732a.

Check Out Antidote: The Best Blog on Ghostwriting. Carlat Psychiatry Blog. 2009 December 7.

Menopause: The Scandal (Part One). Carlat Psychiatry Blog. 2010 September 23.

Misrepresentation of Data
Experts Conclude Pfizer Manipulated Studies. Stephanie Saul, New York Times. 2008 October 8.

Off-Label Marketing
Franklin v. Parke-Davis and related claims were concluded in May 2004 with a $430 million settlement and an agreement to plead guilty to resolve civil liabilities and criminal charges pertaining to this case. See the U.S. Department of Justice press release for more information.